Plasma cutting methods and types

Depending on the needs, different types of cuts can be made with the plasma torch. We distinguish primarily manual and mechanical processing, which, thanks to the use of modern machines, is a much safer and more accurate method of burning metal. Plasma cutting can be divided into several basic types and methods, which include:

  • Basic – consists in the usual processing of the element from its edge. This type of work does not require the use of special machines, templates or additional elements, because they can be performed with the use of manual tooling.
  • Bevelling – when carrying out the activities, the torch must be placed over the workpiece under the appropriate angle, therefore in this case the most accurate plasma cutting technique will be provided by the machine. This type of treatment is usually used for large elements, where the increased surface of the edge allows for a stronger and safer weld.
  • Stencil – involves processing metal using a previously prepared pattern. The principle of the work is similar to the basic cutting – you need to cut through the inside of the element and then lead the plasma torch along the template. Thanks to the prepared form, it is possible to accurately burn the element even without the use of modern machines.
  • Mechanized – Of course, machines offer the greatest potential in metalworking. It is the most accurate, safest and most efficient method of metal processing. The process of mechanical sheet metal processing can be carried out by CNC machines, but also with the use of industrial robots.
  • Gouging – thanks to setting the plasma torch at an angle, the element is not completely cut. Using appropriate tooling, the metal is removed efficiently and very precisely.
  • Processing multiple sheets at the same time – in mass production, the possibility of firing several sheets at the same time is invaluable. This not only saves time, but also reduces the burner operation.