How does the Fiber laser work?
More and more plants that cut pipes as well as other metal and steel elements are starting to use the Fiber laser as the preferred method of surface treatment. Not without a reason – this solution brings a number of benefits, ranging from economic ones, ending with improved efficiency and comfort of work. But what is this technology really is, and more importantly, how does it work? We will deal with these issues in this article, explaining easily even the most complex processes.
Cutting pipes is nothing new – mechanical, plasma, water and even laser (gas) methods have been used for this purpose for years. However, despite this, Fiber technology has managed to revolutionize the entire industry, thanks to the use of interconnected fiber optic diodes, the beam of which is led through an optical fiber – also fiber optic. Thanks to the generated radiation, you can easily and efficiently cut any surface – including highly reflective metal or steel sheets.
Principle of operation
As we mentioned above, the whole process begins in the diodes – they create a fiber optic stream with which it will be possible to start cutting. However, a more important role is played by the fiber that is responsible for the reflection of light from its surface, while preventing the penetration of dangerous radiation. For this to be possible, the fiber must be made of elements such as neodymium and erbium. At the same time, it has connectors that distribute energy to the collimator. This is where the flux is transformed into a laser that can be used to process metal. This is the easiest way to describe the way the Fiber laser works.
A number of benefits
Why is something with such a simple principle of operation so beneficial for every plant or workshop? The use of the Fiber laser is much cheaper, especially compared to the CO2 cutting technique. At the same time, it ensures greater precision and efficiency – even on surfaces where the traditional beam cannot be used. As a result, devices using this technology are fully energy-efficient, which translates into benefits for both the company and the natural environment.